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Encyclopedia Inspirator-Ganini Pramukh Shri Gyanmati Mataji
Chief Editor-Aryika Shri Chandnamati Mataji

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Golden Personality of Ganinee Gyanmati Mataji

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‘Maina’ was born as the first child of Smt. Mohini Devi, the wife of Shri Chotteylal Ji Jain of Tikaitnagar (Dist.-Barabanki, U.P.) on 22nd October 1934, the day of Sharad Poornima. By the regular study (Swadhyaya) of ‘Padmanandi-panchvinshatika’, an ancient Jain scripture, which was given to mother Mohini in dowry by her parents, Maina developed a deep feeling of renouncing the world. Infact, such feelings were deeply rooted in her since previous births. At the tender age of 18 years, Maina took the vows of lifelong Celibacy, Seven Pratimas (Vows for householders) and the renouncement of home from Acharyaratna Shri Deshbhushan Ji Maharaj in 1952 on the very day of Sharad Poornima.Later in 1953 the first Brahmacharini of the 20th century Km. Maina took Kshullika Deeksha (Primary stage of initiation) from Acharya Shri Deshbhushan Ji on Chaitra Krishna Ekam at Mahavir ji Atishaya Kshetra (Rajasthan) to become ‘Kshullika Veermati’. In 1955 Veermati Ji stayed in the holy feet of Charitra Chakravarti Acharya Shri Shantisagar Ji Maharaj for one month at the time of his Samadhi at Kunthalgiri and as per his order, She took Aryika Deeksha (Highest stage of initiation for females) from Acharya Shri Veersagar Ji Maharaj, the first disciple Pattacharya of Acharya Shri Shantisagar Ji, on Vaishakh Krishna Dooj of 1956 at Madhorajpura (Jaipur-Rajasthan) to become Aryika Gyanmati.

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Environmental science or Ecology is a new science of modern era. It is a synthetic branch of science & technology and has developed with an advancement made in other branches & hence it incorporates the knowledge drawn form different fields of science and engineering. In simple terms, Environment is defined as “matters surrounding us in nature ” Or in other words, more elaborately, it is said as, “Interrelationships existing between living and nonliving matters in universe”. It is dealt with in detail in Ecology (as Environmental science). The word ecology is derived from a greek word Oikologie., which consists of- Oikos=Home and Logos=Study. Literally it means "Study at home/house." This term was coined by a German scientist in 1866 to study animal behaviour and its lifecycle in its place. Later on scientists from different disciplines, like-Botany, zoology, anthropology, geography, geology, microbiology, chemistry, physics, nuclear science, social sciences & engineering etc got interested into study of relationships between man, animals, plants, climatic facotrs, soil, water etc. and thus this science has emerged as Environmental Science & Environmental Engineering. After UN global summit on human environment held at Stockholm in 1972, it gained its importance. Ecology as a modern science traces only from Darwin’s publication of Origin of Species and Haeckel’s subsequent naming of the science needed to study Darwin’s theory. Awareness of humankind’s effect on its environment has been traced to Gilbert White in 18th-century Selborne, England.[10] Awareness of nature and its interactions can be traced back even farther in time.[46][47] Ecology before Darwin, however, is analogous to medicine prior to Pasteur’s discovery of the infectious nature of disease. The history is there, but it is only partly relevant. The history of this science is descrobed in following section.

Jain Diet

Jain Diet

The word diet brings to our mind thoughts of austerity, restriction and deprivation to lose weight and look better. However in Jainism, the world diet refers more to the harmonious relationship between food we take, our health (both physical and mental), environment we live in and enhancement of our abilities to perform and make our existence happy and blissful in this and future lives. Jaina term for food is ahara, Recent literature uses the term bhojana also. Ahara is taking in or absorption (and not just eating) of the matter fit for the different kinds of bodies (1. gross or physical body of human, animals and vegetation kingdom; 2. the transformable body of the celestial and internal beings and so on; and six kinds of completions (called paryapti; these being assimilation of molecules of matter, formation of body, the scenes, the respiratory organs, the organ of speech and the mind). Food means taking external inputs (nutrients, energy and body building and functioning elements) taken by the living beings. It is the most important need of the living beings as without it they may not be able to survive for long time. It therefore becomes important to know Jaina views on food. Food and conduct, as per Jainas, have strong correlation. Here also ethical postulates, such as being healthy (to be able to perform right conduct for self purification), non violence, self control (samyama), attitude and our thinking have strong correlation to the type and quantity of food we take, Mahavira, during his penance of more than 12.5 years is said to have take small quantities of food and that too only 265 times. Read more....


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Today's Thought

A man is born alone and dies alone; and he experiences the good and bad consequences of his karma alone; and he goes alone to hell or the Supreme abode.
The Worth of “Manusya-Bhav”

The Worth of “Manusya-Bhav”

Birth, Renunciation & Initiation

Living a life with religious vows signifies/justifies the Manusya-Bhav. Achharya Shanti Sagar Ji Maharaj had delivered a soul-stirring sermon to observe vows during “Paryusan Parva” at Baramati Chaturmas. He said, 1.“Whoever abandons mundane pleasures without en­joying them is par-excellent / an eminent person. 2.Whoever abandons mundane pleasures after enjoying them is mediocre? 3.Whoever remains engaged in enjoying them and does not think of abandoning them are worthless rogue, i.e., life with­out religious vows is meaningless and worthless. People have a notion that observing religious vows is both­ersome. It is an illusion. How much does a person struggle with worldly affairs? How much trouble does he take? The day is spent without a moment of rest in earning money, and there is no sleep during the night in the anxiety of its protection. There is in fact an illusion of pleasures while accumulating wealth day and night. It is not really bothersome to observe religious vows by being a “ Vriti ” (observer of religious vows). By being a Vriti one attains the dev-bhav (a form of life living by gods in heaven) wherein an immense pleasure awaits him that is unimaginable in manushya-bhav. Apart from this, the soul in dev-bhav can reach even “Videh-Kshetra" where it may have the privilege of visiting in person “Simandhar Swami”, the first Tirthankar of Videh kshetra, and may attain Samyaktava hearing his “Divya Dhwani” (celestial speech). A vital point on which Achharya Shri focused his attention was- “We should always think about the happiness and welfare of the living beings”. The status of Tirthankar is attained by constant reflection on the welfare of the world at large. If there is no feeling of compassion in the conscience then despite having “Kshayak Samayktva ” (i.e. never ending samyaktava), one can’t fasten on the '‘Tirthankar Prikriti ”. So, observe vow. That vow will definitely be fostered. Command of the scripture is Command of the Jinendra Dev. Vows should be ob­served adhering to the Command of the scripture and not out of con­servatism. Command of world is convention.

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Today - 27 August 2016 (IST)
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