01. Rishabhdev (Aadinath) Swami

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Lord Rishabdev - Brief Introduction

01. Rishabhdev (Aadinath) Swami
Other names Adinatha, Adish Jina (first conqueror), Adi Purush (first Perfect Man), Ikshvaku
Successor Bhagwan Ajitnath
Symbol Bull
Height 500 arc-lengths (800 ells, 1200 feet)
Age 8,400,000 purva years
Tree Banyan
Complexion Golden
Personal Information
Born Chaitra Krishna 9
Moksha Magh Krishna 14
Mount Kailash
  • Nabhiray (father)
  • Marudevi (mother)
-Presented By - Jinesh Sanjay Jain Papdiwal


Rishabhdev also known as Adinatha, is the First Tirthankara of this time cycle. According to Jainism Tirthankara is a great human being who attains liberation by destroying all his karmas and becomes a role model for every living being. A Tirthankara not only attains salvation himself but also helps all those who are sincerely trying to seek nirvana by preaching and guiding them. Jain's trace their history through a succession of twenty-four Tirthankaras. All these propagators have legendary accounts of their life described in various scriptures(granthas).

Rishabhdev's Life

Lord Rishabhdev is said to have been the king and founder of the legendary "Ikshvaku" dynasty. He was of Golden colour and lived for 99 lakh purvas. His symbol or emblem is Bull.

Birth And Early Life

He was born(Janma-kalyanak) on the auspicious day of Chaitra Krishna Navmi to Mother Marudevi and Father Nabhiraja. It is believed that His mother Marudevi saw sixteen dreams(solah swapna) the night before Rishabhdev was incarnated in her womb. The embodiment(Garbha-kalyanak) of Lord Adinatha into his mother's womb is celebrated on Asadha Krishna dwitiya. After his birth Saudharm Indra takes him to Panduk Shila for annointment. Lord Adinatha looked so beautiful that Saudharm Indra formed 1000 eyes to look at wonderful baby and satisfy his eyes.


As Lord Rishabha grew young he became a very brilliant and accomplished ruler. He taught his people agriculture, tending of animals, cooking, poetry, painting, sculpture and similar arts. He brought order and peace where there was only chaos. While all kings in history are known for their ferocity in battle or their warrior skills, Lord was known for his calm and caring nature. He from childhood was an extensive preacher of non-violence. He is known to be the greatest initiator of human progress.


Rishabha had two wives, Sunanda and Yasaswati(also called Nanda or Sumangala). He had one hundred sons and two daughters. His eldest son, born to Sumangala was Bharat. Bharat was a Chakravartin(Ruler of the world??), who later attained moksha and is worshiped as a siddha. India is called Bharatavarsha or Bharata after this great ruler. Among Lord Rishabha's other sons was Bahubali who also attained liberation after he became ascetic. Bahubali had meditated for 1000 years before in acquired salvation. Rishabha's two daughters were Bramhi and Sundari. They were also present in Rishabhdev's samavsharan as aaryikas.

Renouncement And Omniscience

It is believed Indra sent an apsara Nilanjana to awaken Rishabha to renounce the world. Nilanjana was one of the favorite dancers of Rishabha. Once while dancing in front of Rishabha, Nilanjana collapsed and died. Watching this Rishabha got Vairagy(Detachment from all worldy matters). He left home and took Diksha on Chaitra Krishna Navmi. This day is celebrated as Tapa-kalyanak. After taking diksha he meditated in the forest for some time. He then traveled around gathering disciples and preaching Jainism. He received his first alms as an ascetic by Raja Shreyans in Hastinapur. His first alm was ikshuras(sugarane juice). Rishabhdev was the first human to attain enlightenment. He attained omniscience(Kevalgyan) on Falgun Krishna 11 under a Banyan Tree in Siddharth forest, in present day Prayag. This day is celebrated as Rishabhdev's Gyan-Kalyanak


After achieving omniscience Lord Rishabhdev spread his preaching all across the globe travelling extensively. His principle disciple were the 84 Gandhars headed by Shri Vrishabhsen. While travelling on Astapad, the Indra's constructed the divine-hall(samavsharan) at Mount Kailash for Lord's last discourse. His Samavsharan was attended by 84 thousand Munis and 3.5 lakh Aryikas(headed by Ganini Aryika Brahmi). Also present in Lord's samavsharan were his Demigod And Demigoddess Gomukh Dev and Chakreshwari Devi. The teachings of His divine preaching(divya-dhwani) delivered by him were recorded in fourteen scriptures called Purvas. He then obtained moksha on Magh Krishna Chaturdashi(Moksha-Kalyanak).