Jainism for Beginner

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Jainism for Beginner

Namo Arihantanam

Namo Siddhanam
Namo Aayariyanam
Namo Uvajjhayanam

Namo Loye Savva Sahonam
-Presented by - Ajay Sanjay Jain Papdiwal

Namokar Mantra

Namo Arihantanam, Namo Siddhanam, Namo Aayariyanam, Namo Uvajjhayanam, Namo Loye Savva Sahonam.

Meaning of Namokar Mantra

Namo Arihantanam:- Obeisance to the Omniscients.

Namo Siddhanam:- Obeisance to the Pure Souls.

Namo Aayariyanam:- Obeisance to the Chief Preceptors.

Namo Uvajjhayanam:- Obeisance to the Readers of Holy Scriptures.

Namo Loye Savva Sahonam:- Obeisance to the Saints of the World.

Importance of Namokar Mantra

Aiso Pancha Namoyaro, Savva Pavappanasano, Mangalanam Cha Savvesim, Padhamam Hoee Mangalam.

This mantra of obeisance to the five is the destroyer of all the sins and foremost amongst all the owners of the very bliss.
This incantation should be remembered certainly before doing the every gracious deed.
Having bowed down to five highest status of enjoyer souls(Panch Parameshthi). So this incantation is called Namokar Mantra.

Five Names of Namokar Mantra

  1. Moolmantra:- The Original incantation
  2. Mahamantra:- The gratest incantation
  3. Panch Namaskara Mantra:- Incantation saluting all the five Parameshthies
  4. Anadi Nidhana Mantra:- Which has neither beginning nor ending
  5. Aparajita Mantra:- Which can not be defeated

Contents of Namokaara Mantra

There are five verseline, thirty five words, fifty eigth vowel marks, thirty five vowels and thirty consonants in the Namodaara incantation.

Mangal Paath

Chattari Mangalam: Four objects are the embodiment of the very bliss.
Arihant Mangalam: The Omniscients are the bliss.
Siddha Mangalam: The Pure Souls are the very bliss.
Sahoo Mangalam: The Saints are the bliss.
Kevali Pannatto Dhammo Mangalam: Doctrines preached by the Kevalis are the very bliss.

Definition of Mangala(Auspicious): That which destroys the sins and brings the bliss is called Mangala(Auspicious).

Chattari Loguttama: Four objects are the most sublime in the world.
Arihanta Loguttama: The Omniscients are the most sublime in the world.
Siddha Loguttama: The Pure Souls are the most sublime in the world.
Sahoo Loguttama: The Saints are the most sublime in the world.
Kevali Pannatto Dhammo Loguttama: Doctrines preached by the Kevalis are the most sublime in the world.

Definition of Uttam(most sublime): The Paramount or superior most rank of universe is called most sublime in the world.

Chattari Sharanam Pavvajjami: I seek refuge of the four.
Arihanta Sharanam Pavvajjami: I seek refuge of the omniscients.
Siddha Sharanam Pavvajjami: I seek refuge of the pure souls.
Sahoo Sharanam Pavvajjami: I seek refuge of the Saints.
Kevali Pannatto Dhammo Sharanam Pavvajjami: I seek refuge of the doctrines preached by the Kevalis.

Definition of Sharan(Refuge): That protects from birth and death, props is making like own is called Sharan(Refuge).


Who have been up most in the ranks and virtues of soul and the king. Emperor and lord of gods bend their head for whom. Those are called the highest status of enjoyer soul(Parameshthi).

Types of Parameshthi

There are five types of Parameshthi:

Panch parameshthi.jpg
  1. Arihanta: The Omniscients.

  1. Siddha: The Pure Souls.

  1. Acharya: The Cheif Preceptors.

  1. Upadhyaya: The readers of holy Scriptures.

  1. Sarva Saadhu: All Saints.

Sins (Paap)

All bad deeds are called Sin.
That which prevents a person to do good is called Sin.

Types of Sins (Paap)

There are five types of sins.



The stroke of vitalities of a living being. The killing, torture and distress to any living being is called violence. OR To kill or to hurt the feeling of any through words and deeds is called violence.



To speak what is not commendable and conceal the truth is called falsehood. OR Not to tell the same as you have seen as known is called a lie.



To take the one's forgotten things, and to take things without his knowledge or permission is called stealing or theft. OR To take the things of the other person without his knowledge or permission is theft.



To have desire for opposite sex to embrace one another owing to enjoyment is called unchastity. OR To have sexual outlook for persons other than one's own wife/husband is called unchastity.

Attachment to the belongings of world:


To have more thing than need or to have desire for things is called hoarding(accumulation) of possession. OR To possess things more than what is required is called hoarding of possession.

Result of Sins (Paap)

One has to suffer from the pains of hellish, sub-humanity gait, poorness(poverty) and sickness as the consequences of these sins.

Merital (Punya)

The action by virtues of which we get the desired and best things are called merital for instance- Donation, worship, devotion, so giving up sins, we should do sacred deeds.


Those who have the five holy celebration and who are sermonizes of true religion are called Teerthankar.

Twenty four Teerthankars, Signs and Birth places

S.No. Name Place of Birth Symbol
1 Aadinatha Ayodhya Ox(Bullock)
2 Ajitnatha Ayodhya Elephant
3 Sambhavanatha Shrabasti Horse
4 Abhinandaanatha Ayodhya Monkey
5 Sumatinatha Ayodhya Curlew
6 Padmaprabhu Kaushambi Red Lotus
7 Supaarashvanatha Banaras Auspicious Mark
8 Chandraprabhu Chandrapur Crescent
9 Pushapadanta Kakandi Crocodile
10 Sheetalnatha Bhadrapur Wish Yielding Tree
11 Shreyansanatha Sinhapur Rhinoceros
12 Vasupujya Champapur Male Buffalo
13 Vimalnatha Kampilya Pig
14 Anantanatha Ayodhya Porcupine
15 Dharmanatha Ratnapur Thunderbolt
16 Shantinatha Hastinapur Deer
17 Kunthunatha Hastinapur Male Goat
18 Aranatha Hastinapur Fish
19 Mallinatha Mithila Water Pot
20 Munisuvratanatha Rajagraihi Tortoise
21 Naminatha Mithila Blue Lotus
22 Neminatha Shaurpuri Conch
23 Parshvanatha Banaras Snake
24 Mahavira Kundalpur Lion

Difference Of Teerthankara and Bhagwan

Teerthankara Bhagwan
Teerthankaras have symbols(identification marks) Arihanta Bhagwans do not
Samavasharanas are organised for Teerthankaras Arihantas have 'Gandha-Kutee'
There are Gandharas(Chief disciple) of Teerthnakaras Arihantas do not have gandhara
The mother of Teerthankara sees sixteen dreams There is no such rule for Arihantas

Panch Kalyanak

There are five Holy celebration(Auspicious events):

Garbha Kalynak

Holy celebration of Conception-
It is the celebration enjoyed by the gods at the time of conception of Teerthankara inside mother's womb.

Janma Kalyanak

Holy Celebration of Birth-
It is the celebration enjoyed by the gods at the time of birth of Teerthankara by worshipping him.

Tapa or Diksha Kalyanak

Holy celebration of Initiation or Penanace-
It is the celebration enjoyed by the gods at the time of initiation(Monk hood) of Teerthankara by worshipping him.

Gyan Kalyanak

Holy celebration of Knowledge-
It is the celebration enjoyed by the gods at the time of attainment of perfect knowledge by Teerthankara.

Moksha Kalyanak

Holy celebration of Liberation-
It is the celebration enjoyed by the gods at the time of attainment of liberation by Teerthankara.